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The disciplines of the race

disciplines of the race

100 meters

This is the shortest distance of the Olympic program. Following an investigation summary sprinting action might seem natural, then with low index of difficulty. Instead, it becomes a very complex specialties where you aspire to achieve a competitive edge. In the race the athlete does not reach, in fact, its maximum possible speed, but the best one on the run, using the right balance between the two parameters that are represented on the size and frequency of support to the ground.

200 meters

Even for the two hundred is necessary to develop a high speed, but the double distance imposes a phase of acceleration is not maximal, given the fact that the departure takes place during cornering. In fact, starting off too fast in the first 100 meters would not only a problem of sealing curve (centrifugal force), a high energy expenditure and therefore, a significant reduction in speed in the second section. They need, therefore, more consistent speed and stamina to the ability / sensitivity in the distribution effort.

400 meters

This race is equal to distance, to an exact lap. E 'included in the sprints, since it requires the development of high peak speed for the entire route. Combines the speed, the ability to withstand, without interruption, to a very high effort. The race is complex in its interpretation, involves the search for the best average speed and steady all the way without wasting energy in the first part, through the use of an action of the spring travel and then dissolved.

110m meter hurdles

In the first few races were driven into the ground obstacles, and this involved a technique of overcoming self-conscious, afraid of the impact on the implement. Following the advent of mobile barriers, the athlete was allowed even the overthrow of the obstacle (if unintentionally), since any contact would have slowed the action. The hurdler is regarded in all respects a sprinter. It differs from the latter in overcoming the technical specification of the tool requires that a race with predetermined size, with precise rhythmic choices, regardless of the length degl'arti lower.

400m meter hurdles

It 'a regularity race, where the athlete must be able to deliver good effort, using a lilting rhythm and accurately to present the right distance on every obstacle. The relative height of barriers can arise even at very high non-athletes, provided they are able to express consistent average speeds.

800 meters

After a regular staggered start, the athletes are at the first corner in the lane and, at the beginning of the straight, you bring in two full turns walking the track. In this race, one can not ignore two fundamental qualities to emerge, speed and endurance.

1500 meters

The race, along with the 800 m, belongs to the so-called middle-distance athletes veloce.Gli, lined up side by side, leave at the end of the first corner and, after 300 meters, run through three more laps. Because of the usually several groups, the departures (and elsewhere) often involve pushing and jostling to gain the best positions on the rope. This allows you to not lengthen the course and, of course, avoid unnecessary expenditure of energy. In a race so long and pretty fast, the acquisition of a running technique in the functional and economic forces is essential to excel. The race should take place with a perfect pass across the entire path, but for tactical reasons or for the physical characteristics of the athletes are placed, especially in the final, abrupt changes of pace.

3000 meters hurdles

It represents one of the few all-male races and is classified physiologically as commitment to an intermediate race between the fast and middle-distance extended. Also has its own characteristics, like a cross between a middle-distance race and one of the obstacles because the route includes the overcoming of barriers 28, joined the climb, for seven times, a river formed a barrier on the edge of a hole, obliquely to the bottom, filled with water. The racing action between the barriers must have classic characteristics: fluidity, deconcentration, economy. Overcoming the obstacle, placed rigidly on track, calls the action of passage of the obstacle with classical action does not slow and indifferent in the first leg. The passage of the coast, however, has its own characteristics. The athlete rests one foot on the beam, and after an effective incentive, lands with the other leg almost out of the pit.

5000 m e 10.000 m

The two distances are races that require full technical efficiency, energy and muscle, manifested psychological security and personality to force the pace and acceleration at any appropriate time. The analysis brings out the energy expenditure required to prepare a common platform for the two distances. In fact, specialists are able to excel in both races.

The marathon

Represents the longest running and strenuous athletics. It was already included in the inaugural modern Olympics in 1896. The distance of the route, at the beginning, was not standardized but was between 40 and 42 km. Current 42.195 Km were formalized and regulated by the IAAF Games in Paris in 1924. The ability to run fast for more than two hours depends on the ability to set a pace smooth and profitable running technique through a raking light, soft and elastic, so save up about 24,000 of the action steps needed to cut the finish line. The long process also requires a psychological resistance to focus on their internal reactions, for the determination of energy in response to changes in the rhythm imposed by the opponents.

The pace of training of the race can be:

  • Slow pace over the 4'15'' al Km
  • Average pace of 3'30' a 4'15'' al Km
  • Fast rate under 3'30'' al Km

A runner is defined by its weight:

  • Light if you weigh up to 65 kg.
  • Medium if it weighs between 65 kg and the 75 kg.
  • If your weight is heavier than 75 kg.