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The heel of the athlete in most cases arises due to constant stress and microtrauma caused by the foot. It is true that micro-cracks with the passage of time may alter the normal function of the hindfoot.
The sports most at risk are running, soccer, volleyball, basketball, walking and generally all disciplines involving considerable stress on the heel. This risk increases with being overweight, lack of training and the use of unsuitable footwear.
Very often, the tennis shoes found in supermarkets are not suitable to withstand the very high stress suffered by the foot during functional motor activity. In the shops that specialize in sports can instead find special shoes equipped, for example, damping systems, located in the heel to mitigate the stress and shock of repeated impacts.
The land on which it is practiced physical activity is very important because very cold surfaces such as synthetic turf, asphalt and concrete amplify the shock of impact. Even poor musculature and athletic summary of conditions may contribute to heel.

Healing the heel:

Fortunately, the common heeled heal within 1-3 weeks depending on the type and extent of the problem except for some chronic forms, which may require much longer healing time. The persons affected by the heel tends to limit the load on the foot sore adapting the posture and gait.
In the long run such compensation may cause serious problems even to other body structures (pelvis, spine and knees).
It is advisable to suspend the operations of the first motor symptoms of pain at least until it is restored to the normal function of the hindfoot. You may also want to apply ice to the painful area in the acute phase of trauma. Useless and dangerous to continue training trying to suppress the pain with painkillers and anti-inflammatory.
Overloading an already compromised anatomical structure could result in injury much more serious and prolonged chronic disease and therefore may make it difficult to be cured. If the problem persists after observing a rest period of two weeks, you should conduct further investigations to determine more precisely the origin of pain. Sometimes the simple fact that X-rays lead to misinterpretation of the disease.
Guardians and night drives to wear knee during walking can contribute to the resolution of the heel. In many cases it is recommended that the association with physical therapy (ultrasound, crioultrasuoni, laser therapy, ionoferesi, massage). In the rehabilitation period can be very useful exercises and proprioceptive awareness footbed.